Publications

2018
David Kucera and Dora Sari. 3/2018. ““New Labour Rights Indicators: Method and Trends for 2000-2015”.” International Labour Review. DataAbstract
The Labour Rights Indicators are based on coding the findings of selected nine sources and compiling this information in a readily accessible and concise manner. It is designed to be used both by practitioners and researchers. It builds on five basic elements: the premises of definitional validity, reproducibility and transparency; the 108 violation type used to code violations in law and practice; the textual sources selected for coding; the general and source-specific coding rules; and the rules to convert the coded information into normalized indicators. The country profiles provide detailed and verifiable information over time that can be easily traced back to the original textual source.
Board Vacates Hy-Brand, Raising More Questions
Sharon Block. 2/27/2018. “Board Vacates Hy-Brand, Raising More Questions.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Yesterday, the National Labor Relations Board vacated its December decision in Hy-Brand Industrial Contractors.  (Ben and Sharon had called for this action in OnLabor last week.  The Board’s unusual action follows a finding by the Board’s Inspector General that Member Bill Emanuel should have recused himself from participation in the case.  The Board noted in its press release that because Hy-Brand had been vacated, “the overruling of the Board’s decision in Browning-Ferris Industries, 362 NLRB No. 186 (2015), set forth therein is of no force or effect.”

The Board’s action was a welcome first step in correcting the damage done by the Hy-Brand decision.  Most importantly, for the time being, the Board will determine joint employer status using the standard set forth in Browning-Ferris – a standard that takes into account the reality of today’s fissured workplaces.  Beyond that important restoration, however, the Board’s one sentence order vacating Hy-Brand leaves many questions about the future unanswered.

The NLRB Should Withdraw Hy-Brand . . . AND!
Sharon Block. 2/22/2018. “The NLRB Should Withdraw Hy-Brand . . . AND!” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
The NLRB Should Withdraw Hy-Brand
BENJAMIN SACHS. 2/21/2018. “The NLRB Should Withdraw Hy-Brand.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
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Sharon Block and BENJAMIN SACHS. 2/9/2018. “The Trump administration is abandoning McDonald’s workers — and everyone else.” Washington Post. Publisher's Version
Uber’s Political Program in the States
BENJAMIN SACHS and Sharon Block. 1/19/2018. “Uber’s Political Program in the States.” onLabor.org. Publisher's Version
Continuing the Labor Law Reform Debate in 2018
BENJAMIN SACHS and Sharon Block. 1/3/2018. “Continuing the Labor Law Reform Debate in 2018.” OnLabor.
Building Trust in a Changing World of Work: The Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth Flagship Report 2018
International Labour Organization (ILO). 2018. Building Trust in a Changing World of Work: The Global Deal for Decent Work and Inclusive Growth Flagship Report 2018. Edited by Organisation Economic Co-operation Development for and (OECD). Global Deal Support Unit located in the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Dora Sari, LWP Fellow, was ont he ILO team that helped produce this report

 

2017
Miscimarra’s Parting Shot: Was It a December Massacre?
Sharon Block. 12/19/2017. “Miscimarra’s Parting Shot: Was It a December Massacre?” onLabor.org. Publisher's Version
TRUMP WANTS YOU TO TIP RESTAURANT OWNERS, NOT SERVERS
Sharon Block and Christine Owens. 12/7/2017. “TRUMP WANTS YOU TO TIP RESTAURANT OWNERS, NOT SERVERS.” Newsweek.org. Publisher's Version
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Sharon Block and Terri Gerstein. 12/2/2017. “We need an agenda for new laws to prevent sexual harassment.” The Guardian. Publisher's Version
Willingness to Pay for Clean Air in China
Richard Freeman, Wenquan Liang, Ran Song, and Christopher Timmins. 12/2017. “Willingness to Pay for Clean Air in China”. NBER Working PaperAbstract
We develop a residential sorting model incorporating migration disutility to recover the implicit value of clean air in China. The model is estimated using China Population Census Data along with PM2.5 satellite data. Our study provides new evidence on the willingness to pay for air quality improvement in developing countries and is the first application of an equilibrium sorting model to the valuation of non-market amenities in China. We employ two novel instrumental variables based on coal-fired electricity generation and wind direction to address the endogeneity of local air pollution. Results suggest important differences between the residential sorting model and a conventional hedonic model, highlighting the role of moving costs and the discreteness of the choice set. Our sorting results indicate that the economic value of air quality improvement associated with a one-unit decline in PM2.5 concentration is up to $8.83 billion for all Chinese households in 2005.
What Harvey Weinstein Has To Teach Us About the Weakness of Our Laws
Sharon Block. 11/28/2017. “What Harvey Weinstein Has To Teach Us About the Weakness of Our Laws.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
Backhanded Compliment: Acosta Threatens Workers Centers
Sharon Block. 11/20/2017. “Backhanded Compliment: Acosta Threatens Workers Centers.” onLabor.org. Publisher's Version
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Celine McNicholas and Sharon Block. 11/16/2017. “Supreme Court will decide if women can join together to fight sexual harassment at work.” American Constitution Society .Abstract
Today, 24.7 million American workers have been forced to sign contracts that, as a condition of employment, require them to waive their rights to joining a class action lawsuit to address sexual harassment and other workplace disputes—instead these workers must act alone to resolve what is often systemic violations of employment protections. The National Labor Relations Board has determined that these arbitration agreements violate workers’ right under the National Labor Relations Act to join together for “mutual aid and protection.” Business interests—and the Trump administration—disagree. In Murphy Oil, the Supreme Court will decide whether workers have the right to come together to protect themselves from workplace issues like sexual harassment. The case could not be more relevant, or present the Justices with two more starkly divergent options.
It should be illegal to fire the cyclist who gave Trump the finger
BENJAMIN SACHS. 11/8/2017. “It should be illegal to fire the cyclist who gave Trump the finger.” Washington Post. Publisher's Version
We can't stop sexual harassment until we restructure corporate boards
Sharon Block. 11/7/2017. “We can't stop sexual harassment until we restructure corporate boards.” Quartz at Work. Publisher's Version
Autocracy at Work: Understanding the Gothamist Shut Down
Sharon Block and BENJAMIN SACHS. 11/6/2017. “Autocracy at Work: Understanding the Gothamist Shut Down.” onLabor.org. Publisher's Version
Firms as Political Entities: Saving Democracy through Economic Bicameralism
ISABELLE FERRERAS. 10/25/2017. Firms as Political Entities: Saving Democracy through Economic Bicameralism. New York: Cambridge University Press.Abstract

Book Jacket: [Download PDF]

Book Video: [View on Vimeo]

A Narrow Preemption Exception
Sharon Block. 10/23/2017. “A Narrow Preemption Exception.” onlabor.org. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In Airline Service Providers Association v. City of Los Angeles, the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of the contractors’ complaint, finding that the city’s contract clause was not preempted by the National Labor Relations Act, even though it clearly constituted a local government influencing the bargaining process between a private sector actor and the collective bargaining representative of its employees.  The court found such influence or interference tolerable by a municipal actor because it determined that the city was acting as a “market participant” not as a “regulator”.

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