LWP

2021
Ashley Nunes, Laurena Huh, Nicole Kagan, and Richard B. Freeman. 8/9/2021. “Estimating the energy impact of electric, autonomous taxis: Evidence from a select market”. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Electric, autonomous vehicles promise to address technical consumption inefficiencies associated with gasoline use and reduce emissions. Potential realization of this prospect has prompted considerable interest and investment in the technology. Using publicly available data from a select market, we examine the magnitude of the envisioned benefits and the determinants of the financial payoff of investing in a tripartite innovation in motor vehicle transportation: vehicle electrification, vehicle automation, and vehicle sharing. In contrast to previous work, we document that 1) the technology's envisioned cost effectiveness may be impeded by previously unconsidered parameters, 2) the inability to achieve cost parity with the status quo does not necessarily preclude net increases in energy consumption and emissions, 3) these increases are driven primarily by induced demand and mode switches away from pooled personal vehicles, and 4) the aforementioned externalities may be mitigated by leveraging a specific set of technological, behavioral and logistical pathways. We quantify – for the first time – the thresholds required for each of these pathways to be effective and demonstrate that pathway stringency is largely influenced by heterogeneity in trip timing behavior. We conclude that enacting these pathways is crucial to fostering environmental stewardship absent impediments in economic mobility.
Global sweatshops: the history and future of North-South solidarity campaigns in Bangladesh and beyond
John Trumpbour. 3/4/2021. “Global sweatshops: the history and future of North-South solidarity campaigns in Bangladesh and beyond.” Labor History, Volume 62, 2. Publisher's Version
2020
Construction Workers and the Gig Economy
Mark Erlich. 4/2020. “Construction Workers and the Gig Economy.” Dissent Magazine. Download article
Larry Beeferman. 1/14/2020. U.S. Investors’ Understanding of Workplace Policies and Practices and the Need to Change Them: Progress and Future Efforts. SSRN.com. Publisher's VersionAbstract
There have been increasing efforts by investors to spur disclosure of companies' workplace-related policies and practices. This paper provides a "case of first impression" assessment of the state of the field of such efforts among U.S. investors. Part I describes attributes of some of the important actors - investors and investor-related organizations - in the field, including their goals, their particular focus on workplace-related issues, and the standards/frameworks/criteria for what should be disclosed relevant to such an analysis. Part II offers a characterization of the success of efforts in the field to date and details challenges posed to making further progress. Part III provides suggestions and ideas about how those challenges might be might.
2019
Terri Gerstein. 11/20/2019. “Commentary: Don't suppress votes of new citizens.” Sun Sentenial. Publisher's Version
Why conservatives must take principled action for workers
Terri Gerstein. 9/17/2019. “Why conservatives must take principled action for workers.” thehill.com. Publisher's Version
What California should do next to help Uber drivers
Sharon Block and BENJAMIN SACHS. 9/13/2019. “What California should do next to help Uber drivers.” Washington Post. Publisher's Version
2018
Joint Employer NPRM: Hy-Brand Returns
Sharon Block. 9/17/2018. “Joint Employer NPRM: Hy-Brand Returns.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
Sharon Block. 9/3/2018. “Kavanaugh's Anti-Labor Track Record.” Building Bridges: Your Community and Labor Report National Edition. Ken Nash and Mimi Rosenberg. Publisher's VersionAbstract
28 Minute interview
CHRISTOPHER MACKIN. 8/28/2018. “Silicon Valley and the Quest for a Utopian Workplace: How Google, Tesla, and other tech giants could fix the broken relationship between employers and their employees.” The New Republic. Publisher's Version
Labor Provisions in Trade Agreements (LABPTA): Introducing a New Dataset
Damian Raess and Dora Sari. 8/3/2018. “Labor Provisions in Trade Agreements (LABPTA): Introducing a New Dataset.” Global Policy.Abstract

Global labor policy through trade has begun to receive growing attention with the inclusion of labor provisions in preferential trade agreements (PTAs). Until recently there has been a shortage of available data that would adequately capture the variation that exists with respect to the scope and stringency of labor provisions, preventing scholars and practitioners from addressing key questions about the design and effects of the trade‐labor linkage. This paper introduces a new dataset covering 487 PTAs from 1990 to 2015 coded against 140 distinct items pertaining to six main categories, presenting – to our knowledge – the most rigorous and fine‐grained mapping of labor provisions. It also offers the first systematic description of key trends in the design and occurrence of those commitments. Our study shows that labor provisions have not only expanded in terms of their content and participating countries but that labor provisions have, although to a varying degree, also become more stringent over time. The provisions that have across all PTAs increased most steadily are the ones related to the institutional framework set up for the monitoring and implementation of labor commitments, becoming more specialized and more inclusive of third party involvement over time.

Comment on data set: Elliott, K. A. (2019), Assessing Trade–Labor Linkages: A Big Step Forward. Glob Policy, 10: 151-152. doi:10.1111/1758-5899.12644

Migration and Conflict in OECD Countries
Michael S. Teitelbaum. 7/18/2018. “Migration and Conflict in OECD Countries.” In People Changing Places New Perspectives on Demography, Migration, Conflict, and the State. Routledge. Publisher's Version
Ending the Dead-End-Job Trap
Sharon Block and Terri Gerstein. 7/12/2018. “Ending the Dead-End-Job Trap.” New York Times Op-Ed. Publisher's Version
Ten steps toward a more competitive labor market
Sharon Block, Benjamin Elga, and David Seligman. 7/11/2018. “Ten steps toward a more competitive labor market.” Biden Forum . Publisher's Version
The Kavanaugh Nomination and Labor
Sharon Block. 7/10/2018. “The Kavanaugh Nomination and Labor.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
How Democratic lawmakers should help unions reeling from the Janus decision
BENJAMIN SACHS and Sharon Block. 6/27/2018. “How Democratic lawmakers should help unions reeling from the Janus decision.” Vox.com. Publisher's Version
Richard Freeman. 6/14/2018. “RADIO SHOW: This Morning with Alex Jensen, tbs eFM 101.3 MHz, Seoul INTERVIEW: 0614 News Focus 1 with Richard Freeman: Minimum Wage and Job Policy.” podbbang.com. Publisher's VersionAbstract

tbs eFM (101.3 MHz) is the first all-English radio station in Seoul, and "This Morning" is a current affairs program that airs live from 7:00-9:00 AM (GMT+9) five days a week.

[Listen to interview] mp3, 11:32 minutes
 
CWS Surprise!
Sharon Block. 6/11/2018. “CWS Surprise!” OnLabor.org. Publisher's Version
Free Speech Rights: Public Employees v. Football Players
Sharon Block and Maddy Joseph. 5/30/2018. “Free Speech Rights: Public Employees v. Football Players.” OnLabor.org. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The NFL players in a very real and direct way are being forced to support publicly the political views of their employers at the behest of the government. The rule forces players to abandon expression of their own strongly held beliefs about racism, police violence, solidarity among NFL players, and the meaning of patriotism. Moreover, by making them stand during the anthem, the rule is meant to force the players to adopt, as Ben put it, “a particular vision of patriotism.” 

The Supreme Court has warned against the danger of government-imposed patriotic orthodoxy. In finding unconstitutional a law that required school children to salute the flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance, Justice Jackson wrote for the majority in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette: “If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion, or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein.” 

The NFL’s “take a knee” ban is flatly illegal
Benjamin I. Sachs. 5/25/2018. “The NFL’s “take a knee” ban is flatly illegal.” Vox.com. Publisher's Version

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