L-166, IOP Conference Room, Harvard Kennedy School of Government
You are invited to a lunch conversation with Los Angeles City Councilman Gil Cedillo to discuss the politics of labor in the Trump era. In May, 2013, Cedillo was elected to the Los Angeles Council, representing the city's first council district. He previously served in the California State Assembly and State Senate, where he authored a number of major laws, including bills strengthening workers' right to organize, the California Dream Act, and legislation to granting drivers' licenses to undocumented immigrants. Before holding elective office, Cedillo worked for the Service Employees...
Current affairs are full of stories of labor law in practice – professional athletes kneeling during the national anthem, or a bicyclist being fired for gesturing at the presidential motorcade. Join us for this informal and lively discussion with HLS experts presented by HLS Joint Council.
Panelists include: Sharon Block, Executive Director of LWP and Benjamin Sachs, Kestnbaum Professor of Labor and Industry at Harvard Law School.
Sharon Block, Executive Director of LWP will speak at the 10th annual MIT Sustainability Summit: Good Jobs for a Thriving Economy on Friday March 9th at the Four Seasons in Boston. Learn more about how businesses and other stakeholders are working toward a new normal, reimagining standards of work, and collectively mobilizing to build a thriving economy. Speakers and panelists will explore such topics as what are the benefits and challenges of implementing a “Good Jobs Strategy”? What does it look like to pay a living wage? What are effective strategies to partner across the private and public sectors to achieve “wins” for workers?
Baker 103, Bloomberg Center, Harvard Business School
SPEAKER: William F. Maloney (World Bank, Chief Economist, Equitable Growth, Finance and Institutions) TITLE: “Engineering Growth: Innovative Capacity and Development in the Americas" (paper joint with Felipe Valencia Caicedo) ABSTRACT: This paper offers the first systematic historical evidence on the role of a central actor in modern growth theory - the engineer. We collect cross-country and state level data on the population share of engineers for the Americas, and county level data on engineering and patenting for the US during the Second Industrial Revolution. These are robustly correlated with income today after controlling for literacy, other types of higher order human capital (e.g. lawyers, physicians), demand side factors, and instrumenting engineering using the Land Grant Colleges program. We support these results with historical case studies from the US and Latin America.
Sharon Block, former Senior Counselor to the Secretary of Labor and head of the policy office at the Department of Labor, will discuss how the decline of the labor movement in the U.S. has led to a crisis for the American middle class and offer insights into the worker organizations that may fill the economic and political void.
Haris Tabakovic (Harvard Business School and The Brattle Group) Paper: “From Revolving Doors to Regulatory Capture? Evidence from Patent Examiners" (paper joint with Thomas Wollmann, University of Chicago)
ABSTRACT: Many regulatory agency employees are hired by the firms they regulate, creating a “revolving door” between government and the private sector. We study these transitions using detailed data from the US Patent and Trademark Office. We find that patent examiners grant significantly more patents to the firms that later hire them, that much of this leniency extends to prospective employers, and that these effects are strongest in years when firms are actively hiring. Ultimately, this leads the agency to issue lower quality patents, which we measure in citations. We argue these results are suggestive of regulatory capture.
Abstract: In manufacturing, technology has sharply reduced jobs in recent decades. But before that, for over a century, employment grew, even in industries experiencing rapid technological change. What changed? Demand was highly elastic at first and then became inelastic. The effect of artificial intelligence (AI) on jobs will similarly depend critically on the nature of demand. This paper presents a simple model of demand that accurately predicts the rise and fall of employment in the textile, steel, and automotive industries. This model provides a useful framework for exploring how AI is likely to affect jobs over the next 10 or 20 years. ... Read more about AI and Jobs: The Role of Demand